Botanical Name Of Rose, Complete With Short Description

What is the botanical name of rose that we often see, especially around us? Generally botanical name of rose was Rosa. However, Roses have many kinds of variation so there are also many different botanical name which aplenty based on their species of origin. Here are the botanical name of rose by their origin:

European Origin:

Rosa Wichuraiana, can grow up to 6 meters. Its name taken from the German botanist Wichura Max Ernst (1817-1866), with the suffix-IANA.

Rosa Spinosissima, little white rose of Scotland.

Rosa Centifolia, used by the French to the distillery as rose oil to be used as a perfume.

Rosa Gallica, come from central and southern Europe.

Rosa Canina, produce rose hips fruit with very rich in vitamin C even among sources of richest natural of vitamin C.

Rosa Alba, is an example of the oldest garden roses, brought to England by the Romans.

United States Origin:

Rosa Cinnamomea, called cinnamomea or cinnamon because it has a smell like cinnamon. This species only occurs as a form of double corolla in New England, USA.

Rosa Nitida, also known as the shining rose it’s because the shiny leaves. Nitida is derived from the word nitidus (shining).

Rosa Californica, the California wild rose, is a rose species native American states of California and Oregon and the northern part of Baja California, Mexico.

Middle East Origin:

Rosa Foetida, introduced from Persia (Iran) is an important addition to the cultivation of roses since there are no yellow roses native of Europe. Rosa foetida also known as Austrian briar, yellow Persian rose and Austrian coper rose.

Rosa Foetida Bicolor, rose with the blossoming red-copper color with the color yellow stamens and has a strong licorice aroma.

Rosa Foetida Perciana, Persian yellow roses with a double form rosa foetida, strong yellow flowers.

Rosa Felicia, a pale pink roses with having many heads on one branch of the long curve with a very tasty aroma.

Rosa Damascena, the roses are derived from Damascus (Syria), used by Bulgaria, Iran and Germany for the distillation of rose oil to be used as a perfume.

China Origin:

Rosa Chinensis, has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine. These types of roses used for stomach problems and is being investigated for controlling cancer growth.

Rosa Laevigata, white, fragrant roses is a native of South China and Taiwan south to Laos and Vietnam, and invasive in the United States.

Rosa Gigantea, is a species of rose native northeast India, northern Myanmar and southwest China in the Himalayan foothills at 1000-1500 meters above sea level.

Rosa Primula, is one of the best of wild roses which turned into a large, upright, brambles with young leaves provide a very rich aroma.

Rosa Mulliganii, roses with small flowers and a single individual.

Rosa Sericea Pteracantha, is a species of rose native southwestern China (Guizhou, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan), Bhutan, northern India (Sikkim), Nepal and Myanmar, grows in the mountains at an altitude of 2.000 to 4.400 meters above sea level.

Rosa Hugonis, old rose bush that stretched favorites rise to the top, white and yellow blooms on the stamens.

Banksiae Rosa Lutea is a species of flowering plants in the rose family, native to central and western China, in the provinces of Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Sichuan and Yunnan, at an altitude of 500 to 2.200 meters above sea level.

Japan Origin:

Rosa Roxburghii, is a herbal medicine with anti-cancer potential.

Rosa Roxburghii ‘Hirthua   (hard to found reference for the explanation).

Rosa Acicularis Nipponensis (hard to found reference for the explanation).

Rosa Multiflora, commonly known as multiflora roses, baby roses, Japan roses, is a species of rose native East Asia, China, Japan and Korea.

Rosa Rugosa, produce rose hips fruit with very rich in vitamin C even among sources of richest natural of vitamin C (almost equal to rosa canina).

Rosa Uchiyamana (hard to found reference for the explanation).

Rosa Jasminoides (hard to found reference for the explanation).

Rosa Fujisanesis (hard to found reference for the explanation).

That is the botanical name of rose with their short explanation, partly no explanation because we could not find the reference. Hope it can slightly increase your knowledge about rose flower.

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